The Conseil Interprofessionnel du Vin de Bordeaux (Interprofessional Council of Bordeaux’s Wine Industry, or CIVB), created in 1948, represents and establishes the link between the three families of the Bordeaux wine industry: winegrowing, trading¹ and brokerage². Through inter-professional agreements extended by the public authorities, it enables collective regulations to be applied to the entire sector.
As such, the CIVB is in charge of 3 missions:
The Bordeaux Wine Sector is committed, with the Climate Plan 2020 started in 2009, to reduce the water consumption of wine production but also to reduce the use of fossil fuels along the processing chain by promoting the use of renewable energy.
The CIVB is an inter-professional organisation that facilitates exchanges and links between the different players in the Bordeaux wine sector, as well as organising its operation and planning long-term developments in the sector.
One of the primary objectives of the Bordeaux wine industry is to get 100% of the Bordeaux vineyards to commit to an environmental approach, bearing in mind that in 2017, 65% of the Bordeaux vineyards were committed to an environmental approach.
Several actions have been implemented in this way for several years:
Objectives of the 2020 Climate Plan; Roadmap of the 2020 Climate Plan
Evolution of the carbon footprint of the Bordeaux Wine Industry; Roadmap of the 2020 Climate Plan
Different sources d’of emissions of GHG of Bordeaux’s Wine Industry; Roadmap of the 2020 Climate Plan
Working groups of around fifty players from the sector with different profiles* met 5 to 6 times between 2015 and 2016 around the following 4 themes:
* Winegrowers, merchants, cooperative wineries, transporters, energy specialists, suppliers, researchers, etc.
One of the outcomes of these working groups is the Roadmap 2016. It is a pragmatic document, co-constructed with the actors of the sector and evolving, made available to them, describing the approach, the means and the tools to reach the objectives of the Climate Plan 2020, as well as examples of success stories illustrating the actions in the field that work on an individual basis, having an impact on one of the 4 objectives of the Climate Plan, and to be deployed at the scale of the sector to the greatest number. Action Sheets describe these success stories and provide concrete solutions to stakeholders.
In parallel with its Climate Plan, since 2010 the sector has been deploying a collective environmental tool to help as many companies as possible move towards Sustainable Development, in particular towards international ISO 14 001 certification. This collective certification is carried by the 1st Association for Bordeaux Wine EMS (5), which had 26 members in 2010 and already 210 in 2016.
This approach allows each company to :
Concrete examples of circular economy projects set up as part of the environmental approach of the Bordeaux wine industry:
From a technical and economic point of view, this type of approach is reproducible in other vineyards. However, it depends on the maturity of the winegrowers on these subjects, the interprofessional organisation in place, local partners and multiple external factors such as national policy, climatic hazards, etc.
Despite this, a number of limitations remain:
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